HPE Glossary

To facilitate the Chinese fellows to better understand the English terms in Health Professions Education (HPE), we develop a glossary of HPE terms that are frequently used in SMU-FAIMER Regional Institute curriculum, and other fields in Medical Education and Research, with the Chinese translation. We update the glossary on a regular basis. To keep the glossary accurate and up to date, your feedback is important to us.

If you have suggestions on adding or changing a term, please email us.

ENGLISH TERMCHINESE TRANSLATION
AAMC美国医学院校联合会
AAME欧洲医学教育联合会
ABMS (American Board Of Medical Specialties)美国医学专科委员会
ACA美国医学院学会
ACCME (Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education)继续医学教育认可委员会
Accreditation System 认证体系
Accuracy精确性
ACGME医学研究生教育认证委员会
Action Research行动研究
Action Verbs行为动词
Active Learning主动学习
adjusted mortality调正死亡率
Administration行政
Advisor/Mentor指导老师
Affective Skills情感领域技能(兴趣,态度,价值)
Alignment一致
Alpha CoefficientAlpha系数
AMA (American Medical Association)美国医学会
Anchored Instruction抛锚式学习
appreciative inquiry肯定式探询
Arbituray随意的,主观武断的
Assessment Blueprint评估体系
Asset资本/资金/资产
Attitudinal Disposition态度倾向性
Attributes特征,属性
Authority权力,管辖力
Autonomy自主权/人身自由
Backward Planning倒推式规划,反向规划
Bedside Teaching床边教学法
Belmont Report贝尔蒙报告
Benchmark基准,定标
Beneficence善行
Biopsy活组织检查,活检
Bloom TaxonomyBloom分类学
Brainstorm脑力共振/头脑风暴
Buy in (used for Stakeholders)入伙、支持、买账
Capacity Building能力建设
Case Method Approach病例教学法
Cement粘合剂
Change agent变革促进者/促变者
Check-in回顾
Clinical Decision-Making Skills诊疗决策能力
Clinical reasoning临床思维
Clinical scenarious/situation临床案例
Clinical Situation临床表现
Clinical Skills临床技能
CME (Continuing Medical Education)继续医学教育
Code编码
Cognitive Skills认知领域技能(回忆,理解,理智能力)
Cohort同群组
Collaborative Learning协作学习
Collaborative Practice合作实践
Communicability交流性
Communication Skills沟通能力,沟通技巧
Community Based Education以社区为基础的教育
Community Health Workers
Community Of Practice实践社区(关注某一个主题,并对这一主题都怀有热情的一群人,他们通过持续的互相沟通和交流增加自己在此领域的知识和技能)
Community Of Practice实践社群/实践社团
Community-Oriented Medical Education社区导向医学教育
Compensate为…弥补
Competence胜任能力
Computer assited instruction (CAI)计算机辅助教学
Computer-based Case Simulation (CCS)计算机模拟病例考试
Computerized Simulated Patients计算机模拟病人
Conceptual Framework概念框架
Concurrent Validity共时效度
conflict of interest利益冲突
Conformity一致性
Consent Form/Informed Consent知情同意书
Construct Validity结构效度
Construct Validity/Trait Validity结构效度/构思效度/特征效度
Content Analysis/Thematic Analysis主题分析法(定性分析)
Content Validity/Intrinsic Validity内容效度/内在效度
context背景,环境
Contingency Relatoinship相互关联的一系列事件
Control Group对照组
Cooperative Learning合作学习
Correlation相关性,关联性
CPD (Continuing Professional Development)继续职业发展
CQI (Continuous Quality Improvement)持续质量改进
Credibility可信度/声望
Criterion-Related Validity效标关联效度
Criterion-Related Validity/Criterion Validity标准关联效度/效标效度
Critical Mass临界物质,临界规模
Critical Thinking批判性思维
Crossover交叉设计
Cross-sectional method横断面调查/现况了解
Cumulative累加的
Curriculum design课程设计
Curriculum Development课程开发
Curriculum Integration课程整合
Curriculum Integration Model-The Connected Model关联式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Fragmented Model分散式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Immersed Model浸润式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Integrated Model整合式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Nested Model嵌套式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Networked Model网络式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Sequenced Model并列式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Shared Model融合式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Threaded Model线性式课程整合模式
Curriculum Integration Model-The Webbed Model网状式课程整合模式
Curriculum Module课程模块
Declaration of Helsinki赫尔辛基宣言
Deconstruct (to break apart)解构
Deduction演绎
Deep learning深度学习
Descriptive Analysis描述分析
Developmental Portfolio个人成长档案袋
Diagnose-Treat Model诊断—治疗模式
Differentiation competence鉴别性胜任力
Diffusion of ideas理念扩散
Discrimination区分度
Distance Learning远程学习
Domain范畴,领域
DOPS (Direct Observation of Procedural Skills)对临床操作的直接观察
Early Adoptor先行者,早期接受者
Educational Effect教学影响
Educational Philosophy教育理念
Effect Size效应值
Effective Teaching Practice有效教学实践
E-learning数字化学习
E-Learning Portfolio电子学档(学习档案袋)
Emergent theory突生理论
Empowerment授权,赋予能量
Equivalence等值性
Essence核心,精华,真谛
Ethical Principles伦理原则
Evidence Based Medicine循证医学
Executive Council执行委员会
Exhaustive详尽的,彻底的
Experience-based Learning实践学习
Experimental Group实验组
Explanatory说明与描述
external evaluation外部评价
External validity外部效度
Face Validity表面效度
Facilitate促进协调
Faculty Development教师发展
Family Medicine/General Practice家庭医学/全科医学
Feasibility可及性,可操作性
Flexibility灵活度
Flipped Classroom翻转课堂
Focus Group专题小组
Force field analysis力场分析
Forensics/Forensic Medicine法医学
Form (Team Building)组建期
Formative Assessment形成性评价
Forward Planning前进式规划,前向规划
Generalization/Generalizability扩展性/泛化性
group development theory团队进化理论
Group Dynamics团队动力
Group Learning小组学习能力
Guiding Goalition指导上的联合
holistic全面的,全方位的
Homogenous同质的,同类的
Human Medicine人体医学
Hybrid PBL混合式PBL
Independent Study自主学习
Indicators指标
Induction归纳
Inertia惯性
Inferential Analysis推理分析
Infertility不育
Information Seeking信息查询能力
Innovation Project创新项目\课题
Inquiry-Based Learning探究式学习
Insight见解
Inspect审阅,检验
Institutional Review Board (IRB)伦理委员为,机构审查委员会
Institutionalize制度化,将…融入某一体系
Instruction直观教学法
Instrument工具
Instrument Development建立研究工具
Integrated Teaching整合教学
Interactive Teaching Methods互动式教学法
Internal Consistent Reliability内部一致性信度
Internal validity内部效度
Interpersonal Skills人际间的技巧
Interprofessional Education跨专业式教学
Inter-rater reliability测量者间信度 
Intervention project干预项目/课题
Item Bank试题库
Item Characteristic Curves试题特征曲线
Jargon专业术语,行话
Knowledge And Comprehension知识的理解和掌握
Latent Trait Approach潜在特性方法
Lbl (Lecture-Based Learning)讲授为基础的教学
LCME美国教育联络委员会
Leadership领导力
Learning centered teaching以学习为中心的教学
Learning environment学习环境
Lecture-Based Learning讲授法
leverage利用/发扬
Likelihood Ratio似然比
Literacy读写能力/文化素养
Literature Review文献回顾
longitudinal纵向调查
Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship纵向整合实习
Longitudinal Transformation纵向转换
Magnetic Personalities(个人)磁场力量
Management管理
Management Molecule
Managing Change变革管理
Managing Conflict冲突管理 
Mannequin/Manikin模拟人/人体模型
MechanismTheory,作用机制
Medical Education Unit医学教育中心
Mentoring And Student Support学生辅导与支持
Meta-analysis元分析
Micro-teaching微格教学/微型教学
Milestone里程碑,阶段性目标
Miller's Pyramid of Competence米勒金字塔(临床能力)
Mindset思维模式,心态
Mini-CEXMini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise 小型临床评估演练
Moderate主持(会议,讨论等)
Momentum冲力,动量
Morale士气
MOU (memorandum of understanding)协议
MSOP (Medical School Ojecctives Project)医学院校目标课题
Network Courseware网络课件
Norm规范、标准
Norm (Team Building)规范期
Nuremberg trials纽伦堡公约
Objectives目标
One Health唯一健康
One minute preceptor一分钟督导教师
Opportunity for feedback提供反馈的机会
Oral Presentation Skill口头表达能力
Orientation介绍,入门
Outcome成果
Outcome chain成果链
Outcome-Based Education以成果为基础的教学
Overarching Design Models拱形设计模式
Paradiam范例,模型
Parasite寄生虫
Parsinomious言简意赅的
Patient outcome患者预后
PBL以问题为基础的学习方法
peer review同行评议
Peer-Assisted Learning同伴互助式学习
Perception认识/观点/理解
Perform (Team Building)执行期
Perseverance坚持不懈
PhychicMental心理上的,心灵的
Pilot试点研究
Politicization行政化
Population & Sample总体与样本
Portfolio Assessment文档评价
Portfolio Building文档学习
Positive deviance正向偏差
Poster(演讲)展板
Postgraduate Medical Education毕业后医学教育
Predictive Validity预测效度
Primary Health Care初级卫生保健
Professional Portfolio职业发展型电子学档
Professionalism职业精神,专业主义精神,职业素质
Project Evaluation项目评估
Project Management And Evaluation课题管理与评估
Project Proposal课题申请书
Project/Research课题/项目
Psychometric Validity心理测量效度
Psychomotor Skills动作领域技能(操作)
Pure Pbl全面PBL
Push Down推倒
Qualitative Research定性研究
Quality assurance质量保证
Quality improvement质量改进
Quantitative Research定量研究
Random Access Instruction随即进入学习
Rationale理论根据
Reality check现实考量
Reasoning And Problem Solving推理和问题解决能力
Recency Effect近因效应
Recognition and Accreditation认定与认证
Reflection反思性学习
Reflective Practice反思实践法
Reinforcement强化巩固
Reinvent the Wheel拾人牙慧
Reliability 信度
Research Hypothesis研究假设
Residency住院医师培训
Residential Learning驻地学习
Resilience韧性,回弹力
Respondent应答者
Right to self-determination自决权
Sage智者,圣贤
Scaffolding Instruction支架式学习
Scholarship学术影响力
Scientific Reasoning Techniques科学推理学习
Self-Assurance自信,自我肯定
Self-Awareness自知
Self-Directed Learning自我指导型学习
Self-Directed Learning/self-regulated learning自主学习
Self-efficacy自我效能
Sensitivity灵敏度
Simulation Based Medical Education, Sbme医学模拟教学
Small Group Study小组学习
Social accountability社会责任
Social Capital社会资本
Social determinant社会影响因素
Specificity特异度
Split-Reliability分半信度
Squabble争吵
Stakeholder利益相关方
Standard error of measurement标准误
Standardized Patient (SP) exam标准化病人考试
Statistical Analysis统计分析法(定量分析)
Storm (Team Building)震荡期
Stringency严格
Student Assessment学生评估考核
Student engagement学生参与度
Student-Centered Learning以学生为中心的教育模式
Subject-centered curriculum以学科为中心的课程模式
Sub-Specialty专业分支
Suitability合适性
Summative Assessment总结性评价
Surface learning浅层学习\表层式学习
Syllabus/Syllabi教学大纲
Take Initiative采取主动性
Talk Aloud Strategies To Externalize Thinking外化思维过程
task force任务小组
Teaching Rounds教学查房
Team Buidling团队建设
Team-based Learning以团队为基础的教学
Test-Retest Reliability重测信度
Theory Education理论教学
Theory of change/Logical Framework/Outcome Chain变革理论/理论框架/成果链
Threshold competence基准性胜任力
Time frame时间范围,限定时段
Traditional Chinese Medicine传统中医学
Transactional leadership交易型领导
Transcribe转译,誊写
Transcribe誊录,誊写
Transfer of Learning学习的转化
Transformational leadership转化型领导
Transformative learning转化式学习
Triangulation多角度分析
Two minute elevator speech两分钟的电梯演讲
Undifferentiated无分别的 无差别的
USMLE美国职业医师执照考试
Validity效度
Venupuncture静脉刺穿
Virtual Reality Simulator虚拟仿真模型
Vision前景/愿景 idea for the future
Web-Based E-Learning以网络为基础的电化教学
WFME世界医学教育联合会
Wiggle Room余地,空间
Word Medical Association世界医学会
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)工作任务分解
World Health Assembly世界卫生大会
Written Or Oral Case Presentation书面或口头病例报告